line organization structure

Line organization is the simplest form of organization and is most common among small companies. Taylor’s scientific management concept ... ChadaniChowk, Tyanglaphat, Kritipur, Nepal. The top-level managers are overloaded with work. It provides benefits of specialist. He has to perform all the functions connected with production, including planning of work, ensuring the proper condition of equipment, training of workers and instructing them in the methods of work. It suffers from the drawbacks of autocratic control. This may result in his personal opinion or impulse, rather than any reason or system, guiding his decisions. There is advantage of the best managerial decisions 2. 5. Unlike other structures, specialized and supportive services do not take place in these organizations. There is wide difference between the approach of line managers and staff managers. Other aspects would include the nature of an organization’ s leadership, the various systems operating in Further it is easier to fix up the responsibility if there is any lapse anywhere in the performance of activities. A line organization is an organizational structure in which authority rests with the top management and flows in a chain of command to the last person in the organizational hierarchy. It consists of direct vertical relationships. It is a different matter though that our armed forces, particularly the army, are increasingly asked to rescue civilians in times of natural or man-made disasters, such as floods (remember, Mumbai, Chennai, Uttarakhand, and Allahabad), earthquake (remember, Nepal and Uttarakhand), civil strife (remember, handling separatists in Kashmir and insurgents in Chhatisgarh, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh). This type of organisation is largely existing in modern industry. Organizational chart Matrix management Organizational structure Business, organization chart PNG size: 1024x572px filesize: 206.74KB A modification of this structure is line and staff organisation under which specialists are attached to line executives to provide them specialized assistance on matters of great importance to the enterprise. Then each of his subordinates, who may himself be holding superior position in relation to sub-subordinates placed under him, makes deci­sions within the scope of his authority, and passes them on to the sub-subordinates. Displaying the positions within an organization, an organizational chart shows a company's structure. (iii) Line organization is not suitable to big organizations because it does not provide specialists in the structure. The general manager is in charge of all the departments and he can easily co-ordinate the work of various departments. There should be no jumping the chain when an executive in one department wishes to pass a message to someone in another department. The subordinates should get commands only through their immediate superiors. This affects their creativity and capacity for independent thinking. It can be easily established and easily understood by the workers. 3. Thus, the main object is to achieve the unity of control and responsibility right up from the top of organisation to its bottom. Identification of Authority and Responsibility: Line organisation helps in fixing authority and responsibility of each and every person in the organisation. This is known by different names, i.e. The basic of scalar organization i… Demerits 5. As a result of this direction, guidance and restraint are easily achieved in this type of organisation. Copyright 10. So within the limits of his authority, he feels free to adjust and adapt his activities to realize the objectives set for him by his superior. Every person is in charge of all the persons under him and he himself is accountable to his superior only. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached. (i) Heavy Burden of Work- Since the departmental head has to look after all the activities of his department, he is over burdened with work. 3. Every employee knows to whom he/she is responsible and from whom they receive their orders. The line organisation has the following good points: Line organisation is simple to establish and can be easily understood by the employees. Line structures are suitable for Small businesses where there are few subordinates and organizations where there is largely of routine nature and methods of operations are simple. The line officers may become autocratic and start deciding things without consulting their subordinates. To conclude, the organization needs not only to find right men for the right jobs, but also retain them by giving attractive salaries and privileges, at least until matching replacement is found. In line organisat… Sometimes when staff authority do no perform well there may be failure 5. Line executives are the people directly involved in the basic activities of an organization. Though the term “Military Organisation” still persists in management writing, the reader should note that it has no relationship to modern military establishment. Above all the departmental heads, there is a general manager to whom all the department heads are responsible. (c) Inadequacy of communication – There is a failure to get correct information and to act upon it. Their grouping into divisions is only to facilitate supervision and control. Here each department is given under supervision of specialist. 6. Every person is accountable to only one person i.e. Where, managers have direct authority over their respective subordinates through the chain of command. Dotted line reporting, by … Line managers are required to both plan and execute the tasks and duties assigned to them. And so it goes on. The lack of communication creates many problems for the smooth conduct of business. For example, it is not possible for a foreman alone to give full guidance on all matters relating to use of materials, use of machines, methods, personnel practice, and so on. The line executives are generalists and not specialists. 5. He has to take various decisions by himself. Line organisation is easy to operate and less expensive. His task is challenging and he is expected to discharge his responsibility in an efficient way. Everyone knows as to whom he can issue orders and to whom he is accountable. The line executives are generalists and staff executives are specialists and they work together with coordination 2. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. A pure line organisation does not exist in modern large industrial enterprises. Line Organisation is suitable in the following cases: (i) Where the business is on a small scale and number of subordinates is less. The number of subordinates is limited under line organisation. (ii) Unified control – It makes for unity of control thus conforming to the scalar principle of organisation. For example, a group of 50 house-to-house salesmen may be organised on this basis. Each division can have its own marketing team, sales team, IT team, etc. Organisation Structure Type # 1. There is a likelihood that some persons may be given favours and deserving persons, on the other hand, may be ignored. Each department is under the control of a departmental head who is completely responsible for organising the department. (iii) There is unity of command. There may be a good deal of nepotism and jobbery and personal prejudices. Subordinates are always in confusion to obey the orders due to multiple command system. READ MORE on The various persons heading the different departments would be perfectly independent of each other and would enjoy equal status. Each manager knows what he is required to do. Terms of Service 7. Thirdly, the number of subordinates whose work is directly commanded by the superior should be limited. The general manager in turn is responsible to the board of directors elected by the shareholders of the business concern. Person is accountable for the activities of an organization changing conditions staff ’! Person i.e b ) lack of communication organization assumes that direct authority given! 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